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赣州市章贡区2015~2016年儿童肠道寄生虫感染情况

来源:《医学信息》 编辑:廖敏 雷宏 陈淑萍 时间:2018-10-12

摘 要:目的 研究赣州市章贡区2015年3月~2016年3月儿童肠道寄生虫感染情况分析。方法 选择赣州市章贡区2015年3月~2016年3月按照随机数字表法进行抽取390例,其中1~4年级168例学生用改良加藤氏厚涂片法及透明胶纸法肛拭法检测钩虫、蛔虫、鞭虫、蛲虫感染情况,幼儿园儿童用透明胶肛拭子法检查蛲虫感染情况,分析其肠道寄生虫感染情况。结果 1~4年级学生肠道寄生虫感染总人数为6例(3.57%),钩虫感染率为1.19%,蛔虫感染发生率为1.19%,鞭虫感染发生率为1.19%。其中蛲虫感染发生率小学感染率为2.05%,幼儿园感染率为4.01%,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。24例感染者中,无自觉症状者9例,有自觉症状者15例。其中肛门瘙痒者9例,磨牙者2例,失眠、食欲不振等症者2例,遗尿者1例,肛周炎症者1例。结论 提高儿童的卫生健康知识,培养良好的卫生习惯,对家长加强基本的防病意识与讲究卫生的相关知识,改善儿童的生活场所质量,对出现感染的儿童进行简单的药物治疗,定期进行预防与检查,降低临床的感染情况,维持儿童的健康成长。

关键词:儿童;肠道寄生虫病;感染

中图分类号:R725.3 文献标识码:A DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1006-1959.2018.15.034

文章编号:1006-1959(2018)15-0110-03

Analysis of Intestinal Parasite Infection in Children From 2015 to 2016 in Zhanggong District of Ganzhou City

LIAO Min1,LEI Hong2,CHEN Shu-ping3

(1.Department of Clinical Laboratory,Zhanggong District Center for Disease Control and Prevention,Ganzhou 341000,Jiangxi,China;

2.Jiangxi Ganzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital,Ganzhou 341000,Jiangxi,China;

3.the First Affiliated Hospital of Gannan Medical College,Ganzhou 341000,Jiangxi,China)

Abstract:Objective To study the infection status of intestinal parasites among children in Zhanggong District of Ganzhou in March 2015 to March 2016.Methods 390 cases were selected from Zhanggong District of Ganzhou city from March 2015 to March 2016 according to random digital table method.Among them,168 students in grades 1~4 were tested for hookworm,aphid,whipworm and aphid infection by modified Kato's thick smear method and transparent adhesive paper anal swab method.Kindergarten children used a transparent plastic anal swab to check the infection of aphids.To analyze the intestinal parasite infection.Results The total number of intestinal parasites infection was 6 cases(3.57%)in grade 1 to grade 4,the infection rate of hookworm was 1.19%,the incidence of ascariasis infection was 1.19%,and the incidence of Trichuris infection was 1.19%.The incidence of Enterobius vermicularis infection was 2.05% in primary school and 4.01% in kindergarten,the difference was not statistically significant(P>0.05).Of the 24 infected individuals,9 had no symptoms and 15 had symptoms.There were 9 cases of anal itching,2 cases of molars,2 cases of insomnia,loss of appetite,1 case of enuresis,and 1 case of perianal inflammation.Conclusion To improve children’s health knowledge,to cultivate good hygiene habits,to strengthen parents’basic awareness of disease prevention and related knowledge of hygiene,and to improve the quality of children’s living places.Children with infection should be treated with simple drugs,prevention and examination should be carried out regularly to reduce clinical infection and maintain healthy growth of children.

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